The goiter of this Persian gazelle species is a cartilaginous thickening of the windpipe in males. It is particularly visible during mating season. The goi-ter probably serves as a sound box to increase the volume of the rutting calls.
In all other gazelle species, both sexes carry horns. In contrast, in goitered gazelles only the males bear horns while the females do not bear any horns.
Weight: Weight 25-35 kg
Size: Shoulder height 50-65 cm
Age: 10-14 years
Sexually mature: 9 month, 18 month
gestation period: 5-6 months, often twin births, young animals are offspring
food: Grasses, herbs, leaves and shoots
habitat: Steppes, deserts and semi-deserts, also mountainous terrain. Long hikes in search of food and water.
Way of life: Live in small groups (2-5 animals), which form large herds in winter. Of all the species in the Gazella genus, the goiter gazelle penetrates farthest north
Danger: Endangered (IUCN 2008)
Breeding program: There is a European Monitoring Program (Mon) in which the Görlitz nature reserve takes part