Alpine marmot

Mammal

Alpine marmot (Marmota marmota)

Tunnel construction specialists

Alpine marmots spend a large part of their lives under the ground: they dig subterranean burrows in which they hibernate up to seven months. They have large paws with strong claws. Using their front legs or teeth, they loosen the soil and throw it behind them with their strong hindlegs. Since their burrows are built over generations, there are large earth mounts in front of the entrances. Alpine marmots usually stay close to one of the burrow entrances in order to disappear quickly to escape predators.

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Category: Mammal

Size: Head-trunk 38-50 cm, tail 4.5-7.5 cm

Age: 10 years

Sexually mature: with 3-8 month

gestation period: 28-34 days

food: Leaves, flowers, a variety of herbs and grasses, including poisonous plants

habitat: forest-free areas at 800 to 3200m above sea level, alpine mats, rocky terrain

Danger: not threatened

distribution area