Alpine marmots spend a large part of their lives under the ground: they dig subterranean burrows in which they hibernate up to seven months. They have large paws with strong claws. Using their front legs or teeth, they loosen the soil and throw it behind them with their strong hindlegs. Since their burrows are built over generations, there are large earth mounts in front of the entrances. Alpine marmots usually stay close to one of the burrow entrances in order to disappear quickly to escape predators.
Size: Head-trunk 38-50 cm, tail 4.5-7.5 cm
Age: 10 years
Sexually mature: with 3-8 month
gestation period: 28-34 days
food: Leaves, flowers, a variety of herbs and grasses, including poisonous plants
habitat: forest-free areas at 800 to 3200m above sea level, alpine mats, rocky terrain
Danger: not threatened