Hoopoe (Upupa epops)

To stink like a hoopoe

...is a common expression in Germany to date. In our culture the hoopoe is presumed to be an unclean bird species due to its severe smell in their nesting places. However hoopoes care for their nest and carry the excrements of their offspring to the outside. The smell derives from a smelly secretion of the uropygial gland, mainly during the breeding season. The dispersion of the secretion serves the defense against enemies.

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Category: Birds

Size: Beak tail up to 28 cm; Wing span up to 46 cm

Age: up to 11 years

Sexually mature: with a year

Reproduction: 4-10 eggs, incubation period: 15-17 days

food: Insects, amphibians, reptiles, berries

habitat: Open country, parks, sparse forests

Danger: not endangered

distribution area